||Structure of the
The basic element of the saddle is the saddle-tree, which consists,
usually, of a wooden-steelwork-construction. Different metal plates
(e.g. the head iron) strengthen the wooden saddle tree. The saddle
tree is also manufactured in plastic, therefore the saddle is much
lighter. The saddle-tree gives its form and stability to the saddle.
The saddle lock is attached to both sides of the saddle tree, this
serves for hanging up the stirrups. After the belts of the saddle
tree are fastened, the saddle is then strapped to the horse.
The saddle-tree is then covered with an expanded polystyrene edition
and a leather cover - this is the seat face. So as to support the
horses back, saddle pads are also sewn under the saddle tree.
These lie on both sides of the spinal column to limit spinal column
liberty. They should be three to four fingers wide. The cushions are
filled with different materials (deer hair, Karbuck, sheeps
wool or synthetic materials). The saddle pads on the saddle tree are
attached laterally, over which the stirrup belt runs and under which
the saddle belt runs. The welding sheets are then attached at the
The saddle has to distribute the weight of the rider on the back of
the horse. The spinal column of the horse must be kept free from the
neck of the horse to the beginning of the crest, so that it can move
unhindered. One therefore speaks of the spinal column liberty.
Structure of the saddle - the essential elements:
1. Saddle tree
2. Head iron
3. Seat bowl
4. Front and back of the seat (Zwiesel)
5. Saddle lock
6. Saddle pad
8. Saddle sheet
9. Welding sheet