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  Structure of the saddle

The basic element of the saddle is the saddle-tree, which consists, usually, of a wooden-steelwork-construction. Different metal plates (e.g. the head iron) strengthen the wooden saddle tree. The saddle tree is also manufactured in plastic, therefore the saddle is much lighter. The saddle-tree gives its form and stability to the saddle.
The saddle lock is attached to both sides of the saddle tree, this serves for hanging up the stirrups. After the belts of the saddle tree are fastened, the saddle is then strapped to the horse.
The saddle-tree is then covered with an expanded polystyrene edition and a leather cover - this is the seat face. So as to support the horse’s back, saddle pads are also sewn under the saddle tree. These lie on both sides of the spinal column to limit spinal column liberty. They should be three to four fingers wide. The cushions are filled with different materials (deer hair, Karbuck, sheep’s wool or synthetic materials). The saddle pads on the saddle tree are attached laterally, over which the stirrup belt runs and under which the saddle belt runs. The welding sheets are then attached at the end.

The saddle has to distribute the weight of the rider on the back of the horse. The spinal column of the horse must be kept free from the neck of the horse to the beginning of the crest, so that it can move unhindered. One therefore speaks of the spinal column liberty.

Structure of the saddle - the essential elements:
1. Saddle tree
2. Head iron
3. Seat bowl
4. Front and back of the seat (Zwiesel)
5. Saddle lock
6. Saddle pad
7. Belts
8. Saddle sheet
9. Welding sheet